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C- b te: A i?N 5 

College flews 

Vol. 10. No. 13 


Price 5 Cents 


Under the auspices of the Deutscher 
Verein, Mr. A. L. Denghausen gave a most 
delightful song recital at Billings Hall, on the 
evening of January seventh. 

Mr. Denghausen's program was an ex- 
ceedingly attractive one, containing many of 
the best-known songs from the famous Ger- 
man composers. Beginning with Schubert 
and Schumann, and their simpler, but no 
less beautiful style of song, he ended with 
the more complicated and studied composi- 
tions of Brahms, Wolf and Strauss, inter- 
preting all with a great delicacy of feeling, 
and with a certain restraint. Between these 
two divisions of his program, Mr. Deng- 
hausen sang a number of charming Volks- 
lieder, for which he played his own accom- 
paniment. The pathos and humor of these 
songs were well accentuated, and much ap- 
preciated by the audience. The program was 
as follows: 



Der Neugierige. 

Die Post. 

Im Dorfe. 


Am Meer. 

Der Erlkonig. 


Du bist wie eine Blume. 

An den Sonnenschein. 

Schone Wiege meiner I.eiden. 


An den Mond. 


So viel Steme am Himmel. 

Der Rattenfanger. 



Vergebliches Handchen. 

Wie bist du, meine Konegin. 
Hugo Wolf: 


Der Musikaub. 


Traum durch die Damm'rung. 


The Preparation of the High 
School Teacher. 

qualities that mark the gentleman and the 
lady; then we want physical vigor, moral 
health and strength, and intellectual at- 
tainments and power." 

One of the most imporcant elements of 
the teacher's professional equipment is_ ade- 
quate scholarship — "scholarship that is at 
once broad and deep." The secondary 
teacher must be able to kindle intellectual 
enthusiasm in his pupils, to impart richness 
and breadth to his subject. It is a mistake 
to suppose that technical training can take 
the place of scholarship. It is equally a 
mistake to hold that scholarship per se en- 
sures teaching ability. It is no more true 
that "the teacher is born and not made" 
than it is that the physician is born and not 
made. Genius will succeed in any profession 
in spite of lack of professional preparation, 
but it must be remembered that the majority 
of high-school teachers are not geniuses. 

Teaching ability is, therefore, a qualifica- 
tion that must be added to personal qualities 
and scholarship. "Scholarship must be 
overhauled from the teacher's point of view." 
The teacher must ask himself : ' ' What ought 
the pupil to get from this subject under my 
guidance?" "Conscious aims, clearly and 
discriminatingly defined, constitute an im- 
portant part of the teacher's professional 

The teacher must therefore study his pro- 
fession. He must study the child and indi- 
vidual children. The attitude of insight and 
sympathy must be developed through the 
study of principles of education and related 
subjects. He must also have a professional 
horizon: he must see his own work in re- 
lation to the work of his colleagues. He 
must know the origin and development of 
high schools, and must view the high school 
as a social institution. 

But his horizon is still too narrow if he 
knows nothing of the history of the great 
profession into which he is entering. "The 
history of education is the history of cul- 
ture." The ideals embodied in educational 
writings are a source of fruitful thinking on 
educational theory and practice. 

To this should be added proper facilities 
for observation of schools and teaching and 
a certain amount of practice teaching super- 
vised by departments of education. 

On Monday evening, January 9, Professor 
Paul H. Hanus, Professor of Education in 
Harvard University, gave an address upon 
the subject: "The Preparation of the High 
School Teacher." Professor Hanus pointed 
out the various causes which ha\e ob- 
structed the appropriate development of the 
training of college-bred teachers for high- 
school work, such as the indifference or hos- 
tility to such training sometimes shown by 
advisers of prospective teachers, and failure 
on the part of some superintendents to ap- 
preciate the value of professional prepara- 
tion in candidates for school positions. 

The personal qualities of the prospective 
high-school teacher are of the utmost im- 
portance. Some persons ought never to be 
teachers. "What we want first of all in can- 
didates for the teaching profession are the 


On Wednesday afternoon, January II, 
Dr. Jesse Benedict Carter, director of the 
American School of Classical Studies in 
Rome, gave a most interesting talk on the 
"Master Builders of Ancient Rome." Those 
of us who were privileged to hear him were 
held throughout by the clear, enthusiastic 
delivery of his lecture — the subject of which 
was so far-reaching as to have easily stupe- 
fied us. Professor Carter sketched vividly 
and in considerable detail the work of the 
various great men who together made Rome 
what she has been to the world. Even before 
the coming of man, he said, the site of Rome 
had all the requisites of a great c ; ty — all the 
valuable material which was later to be used 
for building her walls and castles. The first 
men that settled in that vicinity were a race 
of which we know little — nothing except that 
they were a seafaring people, that they in- 
habited all the Western Mediterranean, and 
that they have left a few remains, such as the 

Dolmen and Stonehenge. Then came the 
Italic race across the Alps somewhere from 
the North. These were a simple, agricul- 
tural people who did not form big cities or 
build great walls, as we would suppose, but 
merely barricaded themselves within little 
villages; a people who had practically no 
religion, no ideals, no wish except for the 
continuance of plenty. These people were 
not Romans yet, for, as Dr. Carter said, the}' 
had not yet had the teaching from the out- 
side world to make them so. Rome, he 
pointed out, is really only a force, an attitude 
of mind, the ability to grasp things from 
others and adapt them to herself. This be- 
lief does not in the least diminish her power, 
as would at first appear; it merely represents 
how, from the very beginning, Rome was a 
spiritual idea. 

When the Etruscans came from Babylon, 
through Greece, over the Mediterranean 
and thence through Egypt to Italy, the first 
Romanizing began. The Etruscans w=re a 
mixed race, and therefore brilliant but short- 
lived. They loved the city life, and it was 
they who made the city of Rome. Now oc- 
curred the first unifieatiuii " fchos 
towns into one organized state with the first 
idea of patriotism attached to it. The tem- 
ple to Jupiter, Juno and Mmerva, on the 
Capitoline Hill, was an Etruscan temple; 
the Etruscans began worshipping the temple 
of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, and Rome 
itself is an Etruscan name. Thus Rome goes 
forth into her history. Professor Carter re- 
marked here that it is time, not distance, that 
counts in the developing of a country; that 
Rome would never have fallen apart if she 
had had railroads, telegraphy and the other 
modern equipments we have to-day; that the 
United States has done probably as much in 
one hundred and fifty years as Rome did in 
two hundred. These two hundred years of 
Rome's development were not, with but a few 
exceptions, such as Appius Claudius, Dr. 
Carter said, years of much building. Not 
until the time of the two Gracchi was any 
great originality shown. These two patriotic 
men, m spite of their well-meant intentions, 
really accomplished nothing except harm for 
Rome. Tiberius, in order to effect his pur- 
pose, broke the law, the results of which ex- 
ample have caused some of the greatest evils 
in every large country. Gaius, in his turn. 
made the beginning of our big modern prob- 
lem, socialism, by using the people to ac- 
complish ends for the government. Dr. 
Carter added here that, in the interests of 
everyone, socialism is an attack that mu^t be 
conquered and succeeded by individualism. 
The next master-builder was Gaius Marius. 
who gave Rome her army: then Bulla made 
the foundations for her constitution, which 
Augustus was to complete. Next in line 
came Pompey, who, Dr. Carter said, really 
did nothing permanent for Rome. Jul-'us 
Cossar, although beginning many valuable 
ideas, did really not succeed in his work, his 
failure of which was due partly to his short 
life and partly to his inability to make people 
work with him. Professor Carter declared 
(Continued on page 4.) 


College Bewe, 

Press of N. A. Lindsey & Co., Bostoh 

Published weekly. Subscription price, $1.00 a 
year to resident and non-resident. 

All business correspondence should be addressed 
to Ridie Guion, Business Manager, College News. 

All subscriptions should be sent to Miss Helen 

All advertising correspondence should be addressed 
to Miss B. M. Beckford, Wellesley. 

Editor-in-Chief, Imogene Kelly, 1911 
Associate Editor, Muriel Bacheler, 1012 
\ Literary Editors, 
Cathrene H. Peebles, 1912 Carol Williams, 191 

Mildred Washburn, 1912 Helen Cross, 191 

Mabel Winslow, 1913 
Alumnae Editor, Sarah J. Woodward, 1905 
Business Manager, Ridie Guion, 1911 

Subscription Editor, Helen Goodwin, 191 
Frances Gray, 1912 Josephine Guion, 191 

Advertising Manager, Bertha M. Beckford 

"Entered as second class matter, November 
1903, at the Post-Office at Wellesley, Mass., un 
the Act of Congress, March 3. 1879." 


Blessed are fools, for theirs is the kingdom 
of laughter! And happy are we, for having 
them here. You can always tell one by 
certain elasticity of gait, a certain gleam of 
eye, a potential doubling-up-ness, that doe: 
not belong to ordinary mortals. They are 
always very ready to declare themselves 
fools; they were born to their estate, they 
say, with a hint of royal assurance. Indeed, 
a fool can no more be made than a poet! 
Always desirable, fools become sometimes 
very necessity of very necessities. You sit 
in gloom and wonder seriously if half the 
college isn't hopelessly dull, and the other 
half hopelessly selfish; if "college spirit" 
isn't an unknown quantity, and the joy of liv- 
ing a fiction invented by some weak-brained 
ancestor — when lo, a fool! Presently a grin, 
broad as a barn-door, breaks up your erst- 
while cast-iron countenance; you titter, 
gurgle, roar — and realize that you ate sar- 
dines and fudge-cake in the dead of the night 
before, and that your cynicism does not 
therefore spring from human depravity. 
You are even rather ashamed of yourself, 
instead of priding yourself on your superior 

After that, life goes better. Things "strike 
you funny." You "nearly die" whenever 
you meet anybody else afflicted in the same 

Hayden's Jewelry Store, 


Solid Gold and Sterling Jewelry for All Occasions 






RENTING DEPT.— We are continuing 
the renting of pictures, and in addition 
are renting Portable Electrics, Jardi- 
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Expert Repairing and Diamond Setting. 


Nut to Wellesley Inn T.I. 145-2 

Hours: 8.30—5.30 Daily, Tuesdays excepted 


Headquarters for 

New Figs, Dates, Nuts and 
Tokay Grapes. 

We make a specialty on Jar Figs 

Tel. 29-1 1 Grove Street 

Orders Delivered Promptly 


way. Your humorous,ness is not hysterical 
or even very silly, for the kingdom that fools 
inherit lies in the land of sanity and kindli 
ness And that is only one way of saying 
that, after all our self-analysis, our painfully- 
conscientious criticism of our "attitude," our 
struggling for "perspective," "balance," and 
all our other misty desiderata, the person 
who can laugh at us and herself is a very 
wholesome and generally agreeable person. 
Because, after all, we are very funny! With 
all honor to midyear grinding, we will not 
know very much when we get through col- 
lege — or the ages. Yet we go at problems 
that are white with age, we get proctored 
Sunday nights discussing immortality, free- 
dom of the will and the ultimate reality — 
should the gods the giftie gie us, how very 
humorous we would see us! Of course, it is 
just as well, perhaps it is imperative, that 
our ideals should sometimes plunge us into 
the depths of despair; but how warm should 
our gratitude be to the kind souls who 
throw the plank of humor into our mire! 
For their sakes and our own, let us laugh 
more, if we are not of the laughing kind. We 
will keep our desiderata and our watchful- 
ness, we will not forget our hoped-for dusting 
of the old universe, but we will remember 
that the sun is almost always shining, and 
that when it does not, there is rather apt to 
be a mist on the lake. You see, it is not 
altogether that we take ourselves too seri- 
ously — it is partly that we do not take the 
world at all. Many a day we wake thinking 
"If I can live this day through, I'll be glad! 
Five recitations and gym!" We have for- 
gotten entirely the delight with which we 
used to hail a day as a new plaything — but 
the fools have not. Let us back to our old 
zest for life and living! 

If you are the laughing kind — but if you 
are, perhaps you are a fool yourself! If you 
are, the editor wants to stop writing to shake 
hands with you and ask you if it isn't really 
very good fun! 

The Lamp Posts Given by 1880. 

Every one in college doubt, by this 
time, had occasion to notice the handsome 
bronze lamp-posts being set up in front of 
the Library, to take the place of the un-! 
sightly poles which have so long disfigured' 
the spot. The new ornaments are the gift; 
of the class of 1880. At their last reunion, 
having seven hundred dollars or so in their 





Alay be found at 

E. A. DAVIS', 

Wellesley Square. 

Gloves cleaned and returned in two day 

treasury, and desirious to present Wellesley 
with something both valuable and serviceable, 
the class, to quote Professor Bates (presi- 
dent of 1880), "decided that their light 
could best be made to shine by giving a 
number of ornamental lamp-posts" to re- 
place some of the ungainly electric light 
poles now patroling the campus. Two of 
these ornamental lamp-posts have already 
arrived and, as has been said, are being set 
up in front of the Library. When the others 
come they are to be placed in pairs along 
the walk from the Library to College Hall. 
1880 hopes that their example will be fol- 
lowed by others so that in time the whole 
campus may be lighted in this way. The 
new lamp-posts are exceedingly elegant, 
simple, and graceful in design. 1880's name 
is carved on the base of each one. Wellesley 
of the present should and no doubt will 
feel deeply grateful to the class of 1880 for 
the great improvement. 








: Frost Co., makers, boston, mass., u.s.a. 




160 Tremont Street, Boston 

Over the English Tea Room. 


Wednesday, January 18, at 4.30 P.M., in College Hall Chapel, 
a lecture by Prof. A. B. Hawes on "Roman Africa." 

Friday, January 20, evening, in Jordan Hall, Boston, presenta- 
tion of the "Spanish Gypsy" by the Boston Wellesley Club. 

Saturday, January 21, afternoon, in Jordan Hall, Boston, second 
presentation of the "Spanish Gypsy." 

Saturday, January 21, at 7.30, in the Barn, Barnswallows. 

Sunday, January 22, at 11 A.M., service in Houghton Memorial 
Chapel. Sermon by Dr. Henry Van Dyke of Princeton, 
New Jersey. 
At 7.00 P.M., in the chapel, vespers. Special music. 

Monday, January 23, at 7.30 P.M., in the Barn, Alliance Fran- 
caise play. 


Josephine Preston Peabody's play, "The Piper," is being 
produced in London by the same company that presented it so 
charmingly at Stratford-on-Avon. It is proving one of the suc- 
cesses of the season. 

Miss Frances Taft, 1909, gave a talk on the attitude of the for. 
eign missionary at the Agora House last Sunday afternoon. 

At the meeting of the Social Study Circle held last Tuesday 
evening at the Tau Zeta Epsilon House, Mr. Ohsool, member 
of the Second Russian Douma, and Mrs. Delano lectured. The 
meeting was a Tolstoi Memorial. 

The Thursday evening meeting of the Christian Association 
was led by Carol Williams. Miss Blanche Fishback led the village 

On January 16, the members of Economics 6 class visited the 
Woman's Reform Prison in Sherborne, Massachusetts. 

The Class of 1912 had a class tea on Saturday afternoon at 
the Agora House in honor of Frances Taft. 

Professor John Franklin Brown, Ph.D., has been appointed 
lecturer in Secondary Education and has charge for a part of the 
year, of the class of graduate students in Secondary Education. 
Professor Brown was formerly Professor of Education in the Uni- 
versity of Iowa, and has recently made an extensive study of secon- 
dary schools in Europe. He is also the author of well-known books 
on educational subjects. 


The attention of all members of the Student Government 
Association is called to the date and time of the next business meet- 
ing, which is to occur at 7.30 P.M., on Friday, January 27, 1911, 
The attendance at the last meeting was very small. The entire 
student body is asked to co-operate in making this meeting a success. 


The Alliance Francaise will present: — "La Souris," Comedie 
en trois actes par Edouard Pailleron, de l'academie Francaise, 
at the Barn, Monday evening, January 23rd, 191 1, at 7.30 sharp. 
Tickets at fifteen cents, sold at the elevator table 9.00-12.30 Thurs- 
days and Fridays. Geraldine Howarth, 120 College Hall and 
Alice Butler, 80 Shafer, will sell tickets any day, 8-8.20 and 5.30-6. 


Hours, 8, A.M. to 2, P.M., Saturdays, 8 to 12, M. 
Additional Hours for College Customers, 

3.30, P.M. to 5, P.M., Tuesdays and Fridays. 


B. W. GUERNSEY, Cashier. 

Admission tickets (15 cents) sold at door. Excellent cakes sold 
between acts. Programmes, with summary of the play in English, 
given at the door. D. S. 


Confiscation, 50c $ 16.67 

Class of 1909 900.00 

Article by D. O. Applegate 4.00 

Total, §920.67 

Our $700.00 is still partly visionary. The report next week 

will be by houses. Let's see how much of the $700.00 we can get. 

It will make the outlines of our Student Alumna building more 



It is hoped that all can so plan preparation for examinations 
as to reserve Monday evening, January 30, to attend the lecture 
by Professor Aitken of Lick Observatory, Mount Hamilton, Califor- 
nia. Professor Aitken will speak on his own special department 
of Astronomy, Double Stars. He has himself examined five thou- 
sand close double-star systems with the great telescope of the Lick 
Observatory, and calculated the orbits of the components. 

A second-hand "Hammond" typewriter for sale. In very 
good condition. Inquire at 46 Norumbega, Mildred Jenks. 


Shubert: Mane Cahill in "Judy Forgot." 

Majestic: "Madame X." 

Hollis-Street : David Warfield in ' ' The Return of Peter Grimm. ' ' 

"The excellence of the supporting company adds much to 
the play's effectiveness." — The Herald. 
Boston: Mme. Sarah Bernhardt. 

"Beauty and simplicity are uppermost in her acting." — The 

Colonial: "The Dollar Princess." 
Tremont: "Ziegfeld Revue Follies of 1910." 

"A piece remarkable for its lavish staging." — The Herald. 
Park: "Arsene Lupin," with William Courtney. 
Globe: "The Rosary." 

Herrick, Copley square, Back Bay, has the best seats for all 
theaters. Telephones, 2329, 2330, 2331, Back Bay. 


Twentieth Century Club: Mr. Ogilvie's Water-colors. 
20 Copley Hall: Mr. Millar's Etchings. 
Museum of Fine Arts: Works of John LaFarge. 
Doll Sz Richards': Engravings by Nauteuil. 
Copley' Gallery: Mrs. Perry's Portraits. 
Copley Gallery: Miss Robins's Water-colors. 
Kimball's Gallery: Mr. Enneking's Paintings. 
Vose's Gallery: M/. Waugh's Paintings. 
Arts and Crafts: Exhibition of Leather- work. 




We GUARANTEE the Blue Flannel Collar on Our $1.25 

Our Blouses Are Not For Sale in Wellesley Stores 


Henry S. Lombard 

22 to 26 Merchants Row, - BOSTON, MASS. 


33 and 40 Faneuil Hall Market 

Telephone 933 Richmond hotel supplies a bpeciaxtt. 

(Continued from page 1.) 


that Augustus was the truly great man of his time — one of the most 
charming figures in Roman history, and perhaps the greatest diplo- 
mat the world has ever known. He realized what Julius Caesar had 
not — that in order to succeed he must conceal his ability, he must 
forever withhold all claims to his being a great man. But in reality 
he built up Rome, made her a lasting power and unified her people 
by instituting a common religion, which was the worship of their 
emperor. The emperors following Augustus, Professor Carter went 
on to say, do not deserve mention, with the exception of Nerva, 
Trajan and Hadrian. Finally, the empire grew so large that one 
ruler could not compass it, and it was divided. Then Constantine, 
realizing that Rome was no longer the middle of the kingdom, moved 
the capitol to Constantinople. At this point we would suppose that 
Rome would cease to be a great city, and it is most significant, Dr- 
Carter showed us, that her power was not in the slightest degree 
diminished, which fact again reminds us that Rome stands for a 
spiritual idea, and is therefore permanent. 

Between the birth of Christ and the time of Constantine, an- 
other important master-builder deserves attention. The apostle 
Paul was the first to preach that Christianity was not meant exclu- 
sively for the Jews, but also for the Romans; so he carried his re- 
ligion to Rome. After Constantine's time the Barbarian tribes be- 
gan to migrate, and in 410 the Visigoths accomplished what no one 
had been able to do for eight hundred years— gain admittance 
within the walls of Rome. Of course it was inevitable then that 
the Romans, who believed that a religion was meant only for prac- 
tical purposes, should think that it was this new faith, Christianity, 
that had brought the curse upon them and should wish to abolish it. 
At this point another great master-builder began his work. Augus- 
tine, after having been baptized by Bishop Ambrose in Milan, 
helped to solve the problem of Rome's religion by preaching to her 
people that, even if Rome should fall, there was another great city — 
the City of God, which belonged to them. These prophecies of a 
purely spiritual Catholic church were too advanced, however, for 
the Romans to understand, and it was left to the next master- 
builder, Benedict, to develop their religion. Benedict and his fol- 
lowers, Dr. Carter said, were the beginners of monasticism. At this 
time, this practice was not mournful or hysterical, but joyful and 
practical. The Benedictines copied valuable manuscripts, were both 
schoolmasters and pioneers, and were in general the great civilizing 
force of Europe. 

However, Rome was, and is, something more than mere culture 
written down in books. If she were not, she would be no more than 
Greece is to-day; but it is because she was essentially a living or- 
ganization that she occupies her present position. And it was the 
next, and one of her greatest master-builders, who made this possi- 
ble. At this time there were only two or three thousand people left 

The Intercollegiate Bureau of Academic Costume 


Makers of the 

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to Wellesley, Radcllffe, Mount Holyoke, 
._ Bryn Mawr, Barnard, Woman's College 
of Baltimore, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Cornell, Univ. 
of Pa., Dartmouth, Brown, Williams, Amherst, Colorado 
College, Stanford and the others. 

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in the deserted city, who were surrounded on all sides by the devas- 
tating Lombards, with no one to take the lead. Gregory the Great 
now stepped to the front simply because there was no one else, and . 
gaining the people's confidence and co-operation, and summoning 
the aid of the Franks, who were also haters of the Lombards, finally 
succeeded in turning them away. Thus, with the coronation of 
Charlemagne, a new line of master-builders began, with Rome now 
as the religious and spiritual center of the world. 


On the afternoon of Saturday, January 7, 191 1, Miss Sara 
E. Parsons, head of the nurses of the Massachusetts General Hospi- 
tal, gave a short talk on the home-making value of training as a 
nurse and on nursing as a vocation for women. In proof of her 
first point she enumerated outside of the care of the sick, other 
useful subjects, such as Home Economics, Dietetics, Hygiene and 
other things in the line of preventive medicine. 

Various positions open to the trained nurse were spoken of; 
private nursing at twenty-five dollars per week with increase on 
special cases; positions with doctors as office nurses, or as surgeon's 
assistants at from seventy-five to one hundred dollars a month, 
and the added advantage of being able to lhe in one's own home; 
positions in the army and navy paying from forty to one hundred 
dollars a month according to length of service, this being increased 
during service abroad; district nurses are also much in demand, 
the work for them being much harder and bringing in less monetary 
recompense. There are also places in social service for the nurse, 
paying from one thousand to twelve hundred dollars a year, such 
as positions at milk stations for sick babies, at settlement houses, 
or as superintendents or matrons of various homes and the like. 
School nurses are now being introduced into all the larger cities 
who examine the children, report to the doctors and investigate 
home conditions, and the missionary field is a wide one. 

Three years are required in preparation for this sort of work 
and only persons of good health and constitution are advised to 
attempt it. The expense of the years of training amounts to little; 
in fact, girls have been known to get along on fifty dollars a year 
outside of the allowance given her by the training school for her 
laundry and small personal expenses. 




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our own factory. We have put up our 
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years — long before the Pure Food Law 
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Professor Hayes of Mt. Holyoke gave an interesting lecture 
for the Philosophy Club on Friday evening. The lecture was il- 
lustrated throughout by tests for color-blindness. 

The problem cf color-blindness, Mr. Hayes says, is quite recent. 
The first case was recorded in 1777 by Mr. Schoonmaker, an Eng- 
lishman, who discovered that he could not tell the color of cherries 
on a cherry tree from that of the leaves. In 1794, Dalton, an Eng- 
lish chemist, made the first scientific examination on a case of color 
blindness. The Germans became interested in the problem, and in 
1835 Zabeck published a work on it. Interest in the practical side 
of coloi blindness developed, engineers and pilots were examined, 
and a Swede, Mr. Holmgren, investigated thirty thousand people; 
he also invented a test now used in testing railroad employees,. 
This test consists in selecting bunches of colored worsted, those 
that match a given sample, green, for example. 

The two varieties of color-blindness are congenital and acquired. 
Congenital cases are classed as achromats. those having no 
colors; dichromats, those having two colors. Normal people are 
called trichromats. This classification is based on the Helmholtz 
theory, which supposes three color substances in the eye. There is 
great difference of opinion as regards the classification of acquired 
cases of color-blindness. 

As regards the sensations of these victims, the achromats do 
not see colors as such, but as grays. The dichromats are sub- 
divided into three classes, deuteronopes or green-blind, and pro- 
tonopes or red-blind; the former see red and green alike, and the 
latter see red and black alike. It is true only in extreme cases that 
dichromats lose reds and greens and see only yellow and blue; 
many cases have green or red sensations in some degree. Mon- 
ocular cases are the best for experimentation, but only six such 
have been recorded, and all of these have some sensation of red or 
green. Mr. Hayes, by applying a standard test on a monocular 
case, has proved that there are cases of typical color-blind people 
seeing greens. The third class of dichromats are tritonopes, those 
having blue-yellow blindness , of which there is no well authenticated 


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Odd Dishes and Vases, 

Crystallized Fruits, Teas, Etc. 


360 & 3o2 Boylston Street, Boston. 

Anomalous cases are of two types: those who see too much red, 
and those who see too much green in a mixture. It is claimed that 
there are two characteristics of anomalous cases: color weakness 
and sensitiveness to contrast. Anomalous color-blindness is in the 
fovea, . so this variety is quite as dangerous in an engineer as 
any other variety would be. 

There is an object in Germany in being color-bl-nd, i. e., to 
avoid certain positions in army service, and so many methods of 
testing color-blindness have been invented to avoid evasion. 

There are no statistics of total color-blindness, and it is very 
rare. The frequency of partial color-blindness is not definitely 
known. Color-blindness is supposedly rare among women, and this 
fact is proved by the statistics that, out of one thousand and fifty 
Mt. Holyoke women who have been tested, only six cases of partial 
color-blindness are found. Quakers, Jews and the uneducated are 
thought to be color-blind, but there is no proof for such an idea. 
Four per cent, of the yellow race are color-blind. South Sea Is- 
landers show more blue-yellow blindness tendencies than red- 

Color-blindness is hereditary, but it skips the women. Two 
exceptions to this rule have been found by Mr. Hayes. 

The causes of acquired color-blindness are several. A drug like 
santonine may cause it temporarily, or excessive use of tobacco or 
alcohol, or a disease in the retina, optic nerve or brain. The 
causes of congenital blindness are unknown. The Helmholtz theory 
claims that one substance is lacking. Acquired color-blindness dis- 
appears when the disease causing it is cured, but congenital cases 
cannot be cured. 






416 Washington St. (4 Doors North of Summer St.) 

flDeat ani> Drink 

'To satisfy your thirst for knowledge 
And also keep from growing thin, 
Just register at Wellesley College 
And then attend the Wellesley 


South Natick, Mass. 
One mile from Wellesley Colleg* 
Br.akfast 8 to 9 
Dinner I to 2 
Supper 6.30 to 7.30 
Tea-room open from 3 to 6 
Hot Waffles served on Mondays. 

Watch for other specialties. 
Tel. Natick 9212 MISS HARRIS, M e r. 





Carries a full line of Choice Fruit, ! 
Confectionery and other goods. Veg- ! 
etables of all kinds, usually found in a : 
first class fruit store. Pistachio Nuts, I 
especially, Olive Oil and Olives of all I 

Free Delivery. Tel. 138-2. 




Ladiei' and (louts' Cuilom Tailoring 

Suit! Mad* to Ord*r 


543 Washington Street, Wellesley, Mass. 

Tel. 349-2 


Wellesley S q u a r e 


Picture Cord, Coat Hangers, Rods, 

Mission Stains, All Kinds 

Small Hardware. 


Dry and Fancy Goods 

Fine Underwear 
M A Q U I R E 

The Norman, Wellesley Sq. 

F. DIEHL, Jr. 


Hacks, Barges for 
for Straw 

Parties, Wagon 


The Olympian Home Made Candy Co. 

(Made Fresh Every Day) 

Ice - Cream and Confectionery 

Cream Caramels, Peppermints 
and Marshmallows a Specialty 



Every morn Pa sends me clippings 
From those yellow journals bad, 

And at eve I get from Mother 
Notes of Wellesley's latest fad. 

If we only could live up to 

All this grand publicity! 
As it is, we shrink beneath it; 

Cling to cloistered modesty. 

Those violets by the mossy stone, 
Those flowers born to blush unseen, 

Are raised to fame all glorious — 
Naught can escape reporters keen. 



The Walnut Hill School 


A College Preparatory School for Girls 

Miss Conant and Miss Bigclow 


20 North Ave., Natick 

j High Grade Portraits 

Telephon* 1 09-3 

Last week, conspicuously posted on the doors of College Hall, 
was the legend, "Skating safe only in College Hall Cove." The 
bounds of College Hall Cove are indefinite enough, to be sure, but 
certainly no one mistook the far end of the lake for the cove. Yet 
there were dozens of girls who skated away beyond these set bounda- 
ries—" it looked all right," they said, and the slight risk probably 
attracted some of them. It never occurred to these girls that 
much of the future pleasure of other people might be sacrificed 
if any accident befell them, that perhaps next time the authorities 
would wait until the whole lake was safe, before giving permission 
for skating. If you don't mind risking your own lives and limbs, 
pray give a little heed to the selfish cry of those who want their 
soort safelv and often. 1911. 

F ' II. 

A Freshman Class as a whole is not usually "gullible;" yet 
about midyear time each individual seems ready to believe every 
story told by an upper classman — and the upper classmen seem 
to find a delightful sort ot humor in combining the ideas of "Fresh- 
men" and "midyears;" a humor which is entirely one-sided, for 
they often do not realize the distorted ideas and genuine distress 
which they have given to the Freshmen, who have not the vaguest 
idea, often, of what "midyears" are like, and who cannot take a 
sensible attitude toward them. A Freshman said to the writer 
not long ago, "You are the first person who has said one encourag- 
ing thing about midyears; everyone has been frightening me." 
The upper classmen have a distinct responsibility toward the 
Freshmen in more ways than one; and especially at this time of 
the year, they have more influence than they realize. It is very 
easy for a girl to fail from pure nervousness and an all night "cram," 
while, under different circumstances, she would pass without diffi- 
culty. It is a very simple thing for the upper classmen to give 
1914 an idea of how to spend the coming ten days in a sane, practi- 
cal way, without worry and late hours. A small amount of com- 
mon sense will carry every Freshman through with flying colors. 


The fact that "a low voice is an excellent thing in women" has 
recently been realized as a great truth, by some members of Welles- 
ley College. Why any girl with the ordinary regard for others that 
is expected of a college student, should insist on running through 
corridors at midnight and waking people from deepest sleep, is quite 
beyond comprehension— it might be overlooked if it were a Fresh- 
man on her first night at Noanetc but that anyone who has gone as 
far as College Hall in her career should behave so childishly is 
altogether disgusting. . 

Another time that this word of the immortal Shakespeare 
was brought home to some of us with force, was at Christmas 
vespers, when from the gallery it was quite impossible to tell whether 
the choir was singing "Silent Night" or "Blow ye the Trumpet.' 

College may fail to teach us some lessons about sines and 
tangents, but at least let us all learn the lesson of regard for others' 
sensibilities, if we have none of our own. 

Ladies' Hairdressers 

41 West St., Boston 



Office. 555 Washington St. Tel. 44-2 

Conservatories, 103 Linden St. 

Tel. 44-1 

Orders by Mail or Otherwise are 

Given Prompt Attention. 

J. TA1LBY & SON, Props. 

Wellesley, Mass. 


Always ready for 
Wellesley Student. 

Wellesley Spa and Bakery 

Catering for College Spreads, 
Class Parties, Etc. 

Ice-cream at wholesale and retail. All 
orders promptly attended to. Our 
celebrated fudge cake shipped to all 
parts of the United States. 

Try Our Delicatessen. 
583 Washington Street, Wellesley, Mass. 

Opp. the Inn. Tel. Wellesley 225-2. 

Everyman's Library, 

Leather/ 70c 
Cloth. - 35c 

500 Volumes now ready 

On Sale At 

Wellesley College 

Wellesley Toilet Parlors 

Manager, MISS RUTH HODQKINS Telephor 

Scalp Treatmei 
Hair Dressing 

Racial Treatr 



e 122-2 


Open from 8.30 AM to 6 P.M. Mondays until 8 P. M. 

Wright & Ditson SWEATERS 

There is nothing better for the cold Winter days and 
nights than a comfortable all Worsted Sweater. Our 
heavy Coat Sweaters With Collar are superior to any 
sweater ever made, and for an article to be worn instead 
of an overcoat our regular Jacket Sweater ought to be 

HI fii /-1 » J. WELLESLEY 

. L. Flagg Co., Agents., mass. 



IT is not the price we charge that makes 
them so good. It is the care we take 
in designing every line, that shows the 
sincerity that is only to be seen in the 
product of the master workman 


47 Temple Place, BOSTON, 15 West Street. 

FREE PRESS— Continued. 

The editorial in your issue of January n, 191 1, mentions the 
desire of Wellesley College students for a course in the "World's 
Classics," in which they confess "they are wofully lacking." 

Such a general and comprehensive course might, by collabora- 
tion of the several Departments of Biblical History for Hebrew, of 
English, of French, of German, of Greek, of Italian, of Spanish, for 
the classics of their respective fields, be presented in lectures with 
collateral readings in translations, and provide a scholarly and 
native interpretation, in English, of the chief masterpieces human- 
ity has produced. T. C. 


On the evening of January 31, at Billings Hall, Wellesley is to 
have the privilege of hearing a lecture given by Ernst von Wolzogen, 
poet, playwright, and truly, as one critic has said, "a man of life 
and letters." The baron has played a large and interesting part in 
the movement begun some twenty years ago in Germany, for the 
popularizing of art, especially in such forms of entertainment as the 
variety show, burlesque, extravaganza, and the like. In company 
with such men as Otto Julius Bierbaum, Otto Eruh Hartleben and 
Detler von Lilienkron, he wrote his own poetic little ballads and 
chansons, and sang them to his own music, often on the boards or in 
the cabarets that this new entertainment made popular; and, in 
proof that art was not desecrated, it will be found that these series of 
poems still appeal, in their printed form, not only to the popular 
but to the literary epicurean with his carefully -chosen library. 

Having tried his hand at comic opera, straight comedy, to say 
nothing of various forms of fiction, Ernst von Wolzogen has now 
turned his attention to the "Open Air" Theater. " Die Maebrant," 
given with great success in 1909 at the Open Air Theater in Wies- 
baden, was the first play written expressly to suit the out-of-door 

There is no quicker way to reach the people than through its 
amusements, thinks this very versatile man of letters, whom Ger- 
many includes in the very first rank of her present-day authors; and 
we look forward to his coming with great interest as that of a man 
who has successfully confronted the American manager who de- 
fends his cheap and tawdry productions with "We give the public 
what the public wants." 


The chief and constant need of The Youth's Companion is for 
suitable short stories. These may be designed especially to interest 
boys or girls, or the whole household. They may deal with pathos, 
humor, adventure, heroism, with uncommon or with every-day 
events. In their appeal and their substance, they may fulfil these 
suggestions separately or by a blending of elements. They should 
never contain more than four thousand words, and may be as short 
as twelve hundred. 

We will ask the writer to bear in mind that the ideal stoiy for 
The Companion contains at least one effective incident and — more 
important still — deals with the formation or illustration of char- 
acter. The range of possible topics is wide, even though fairy stories, 
religious and political stories, especially such as may excite con- 
troversy, are to be avoided. The element of love, employed inci- 
dentally and not as the leading motive, is by no means unsuitable 
in a story otherwise well adapted to the paper's use. Humorous 
stories and stories of adventure serve their purpose if they simply 
entertain ; but writers of humorous stories should aim at comedy 
rather than at farce. All writers arc urged to employ dialect as 
sparingly as possible. 

The Youth's Companion is intended for intelligent young peo- 
ple, both boys and girls, and for general family reading. Therefore 
we cannot use the distinctively juvenile stories often sent to us. 


Of Unusual Merit 

Ward's LEAKNOT Fountain Pen 

May be carried in any position in Pocket, Baic or Trunk, and it 

No more Inky Fingers or Clothing 

Don't fail to see these Pens at 


WMHU O 57_63 FranKlin St., Boston 

Unless by special arrangement for greater length, articles, not 
fiction, should be kept within one thousand words. 

Like all editors, those of The Companion ask for legibli 
typewritten or manuscript, on one side of the paper only, not rolled, 
and accompanied with postage. Contributions arc paid 
liberal rates, not fixed, immediately upon acceptance. 


At certain times some of the needs specified below are more- 
pressing than others; but there is no time at which the best stories 
of any of the following classes are not desired: 

1. Stories for the first page, from 3,000 to 4,000 words in 
length; for boys, for girls, or for the whole family. For boys, the 
story of business, farm, school, college or domestic life — not pri- 
marily a story of adventure — is always welcome. 

2. Stories for the second page, from 1,200 to 2,000 words in 
length; of feminine or masculine interest. There is always a place 
here for the best stories of a humorous turn. 

3. Short stories of adventure, generally used on the last story- 
page, from 1,500 to 2,500 words in length; stirring, plausible, and of 
healthy tone. There is no department of Companion fiction in 
which the demand is more steadily urgent. 


For the benefit of those interested in Socialism, the News calls 
attention to the formation of an organization in Boston known as 
the Christian Socialist Fellowship. Its purpose is to "study the 
Socialist movement seriously in all its theoretical and practical 
phases." The organization plans to accomplish its work through a 
"school wherein the modern economic and ethical ideas can be 
taught to children in an interesting and effective manner, and 
through a regular Sunday meeting of adults, wherein Socialism 
will be presented in its constructive phases. It is planned to make 
this a genuine propaganda meeting for inouirers and students." 
These Sunday meetings are to be held in the Pierce building. Room 
301, Copley square, Boston, at 3 P.M., and are to be addressed, for 
the present at least, by Mr. George Willis Cooke. Some of Mr. 
Cooke's subjects are: "Causes of Social Injustice," "Property or 
Human Life," "Classes and Class Consciousness," "Democracy 
and Socialism," "How Socialism will Come," "The Co-operative 
Commonwealth," "The New Social Vision." 


In addition to notes concerning graduates, the Alumnas 
column will contain items of interest about members of the 
Faculty, past and present, and former students. 

Miss Margaret Sherwood, Associate Professor of English Liter- 
ature, contributed to the December Atlantic a review of recent 
fiction. This article, entitled "Lying Like Truth." which gives a 
keen and illuminating analysis of current novels as well as certain 
fundamental suggestions about the aim of the American novel, has 
attracted wide attention. 

Miss Margaret H. Jackson, Associate Professor of Italian, has 
an article on "Antonio Pucci's Poems" in the Codice Kirkupiano 
of Wellesley College, in Roumania, issue of April-July, 1910. 

Wellesley is represented this year at the American College for 
Girls in Constantinople by Miss Louise I. Jenison, 1908, who is In- 
structor in Chemistry. The second of the college's public lecture 
course was given by Miss Elizabeth Iv. Kendall, Professor of His- 
tory at Wellesley, on the topic. "A Visit to a Western Thi 




Began December 29th 

Thousands of dollars' worth of Women's Undermuslins 
and other White Goods are offered at 

Reductions of 1-3 to 1-2 

Jordan Marsh Company 

ALUMNA NOTES- Continued. 

Miss Sarah S. Bauman, 1906, is teaching German in the High 
School at Camden, New Jersey. Her address is 429 Penn Street. 
Miss Mary L. Marot, 1889-1891, visited Wellesley recently. 


A Wellesley Club has been recently formed in Kansas City, 
with the following officers: President, Mrs. Willard R. Douglas, 
(Floyd Smith, 1897); Vice-president, Miss Catherine Bell Mapes, 
1910; Secretary and Treasurer, Miss Elizabeth A. Sooy, 1906; 
Executive Committee, Miss Mary Rockwell, 1900; Mrs. Faun W. 
Freeborn, (Louise E. Baldwin, 1899); Mrs. Arthur D. Brookfield. 
A meeting will be held in January to decide on a means of raising 
money for the Students' building. 

The December meeting ot the New York Wellesley Club was 
held at the home of Mrs. Richard Billings, (May Merrill, 1895). 
Various plans for adding to the Students' Building Fund were 
discussed, the most satisfactory being an outdoor presentation of 
a play in the spring. The presence of the undergraduates was 
greatly appreciated by the club. 

The Seattle Wellesley Club has presented a copy of the Alice 
Freeman Palmer Memorial to the Seattle Broadway High School. 
The speech of presentation was made bv Mrs. J. Addison Campbell, 
(Anna S. London, 1880- 1882). 

The Boston Wellesley College Club held an informal meeting 
at the home of Mrs. Elizabeth Mathews Richardson, 1897, in Rox- 
bury, January 7. The subject of the afternoon was: "Social Serv- 
ice." Mrs. William Hill, (Caroline W. Rogers, 1900), spoke on the 
"Woman's Municipal League of Boston" and what the League does 
to improve the life of the city. Miss Lucy Wright, 1900, spoke on 
the work that is being done for the blind by the state. Miss Alice 
Walmsley, 1906, presented the work of College Settlements in gen- 
eral and Denison House in particular. Miss Mary Gilson, 1899, 
spoke of the work in salesmanship among the store girls, under the 
supervision of Mrs. Lucinda W. Prince, (1891-1893). Mrs. Alfred 
S. Clark. (Sue B. Ainslee, 1903), gave some of the problems of working 
girls. Miss Alice Hunt, 1895, spoke of the Child Labor Laws in 
Rhode Island. Following these talks, Mrs. John C. Hurll, (Estella 
May Hurll, 1882), spoke in behalf of the Anne Eugenia Morgan 
Memorial, and Miss Alice W. Stockwell, 1904, gave a report of the 
play, "Spanish Gypsy," to be given in Boston, January 20. An 
informal tea followed the meeting. The attendance at the meeting 
was large, about one hundred and thirty being present. 


Miss Mary Louise Rogers, (Wellesley, 1898, and Brown, 1902), 
to the Reverend Frank Rector, D.D., of Pawtucket, Rhode Island. 

Miss Mabel Bartlett Waldron, 1906, to Mr. Ralph Hayward 
of Salem, Massachusetts. 

Miss Hattie Brown, 1907, to Mr. Ripley Watson, Rutgers, 
1908, of Jersey City, New Jersey. 

Miss Mabelle M. Russell, 1907, to Lieutenant John Mather, 
Coast. Artillery Corps, brother of Alice Mather, 1906. 

Miss H. Marguerite Draper, of the Class of 191 1, to Mr. Walter 
Blair Adams of Boston, Massachusetts. 


Ashton — Richards. December 14, J910, in Danvers, Massa- 
chusetts, Miss Harriet P. Richards to Mr. Joseph N. Ashton, As- 
sociate Professor of Music at Wellesley College, 1907-1908. 

Ballou — Lynde. December 27, 1910, at Westminster, Massa- 
chusetts, Miss Grace Florence Lynde, 1909, to Mr. John Roscoe 

Farnham — Smith. December 29, 1910, at Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania, Miss Florence Marie Smith, 1908, to Mr. Isaiah Henry 
Farnham of Wellesley, Massachusetts. At home, 1321 North 26th 
Street, Birmingham, Alabama. 

Hatch — Smith. January 10, 191 1, at Elm Ridge, Alton, 
Illinois, Miss Ellen Dean Smith, 1898, to Mr. Pascal Enos Hatch. 
At home after March 1, 1005 North 7th Street, Springfield, Illinois. 

Garfield — Reynolds. January 12, 191 1, at Syracuse, New 
York, Miss Ruby Jessie Reynolds, 1905, to Mr. Umberto D. Gar- 
field. At home after March 1, 97 Hemenway Street, Boston, 


December 2, 1910, in Logansport, Indiana, a daughter, Harriet 
Lucy, to Mrs. Francis Watts, (Ethel Burnett, 1901). 

December 8, 1910, in New Orleans, Louisiana, a second daugh- 
ter, Martha Mary, to Mrs. Jesse C. Remick, (Edna Whidden, 1903). 

December, 1910, in Sudbury, Massachusetts, a daughter, 
Nancy, to Mrs. Charles H. Way, (Florence M. Piper, formerly of 


December 11, 1910, Plainfield, New Jersey, Mrs. Annie K. 
Kampman, mother of Carol Kampman, 1902. 

January 10, 191 1, Reading, Pennsylvania, Mrs. J. W. Byrne, 
mother of Alice Hill Byrne, 1908. 

January 11, 1911, Dover, New Hampshire, Mr. Arthur Oilman 
Tufts, brother of Miss Tufts,